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Parable of the 10 Virgins

Series: Stewardship & Service

Parable of the 10 Virgins

This parable is part of what is known as the Mt. Olivet Discourse. Jesus is in the final week of his earthly ministry and predicts when the temple would be thrown down. In the ensuing chapters, Jesus answers two questions, with much of it focusing on His return. The message: Be prepared. Today we’ll examine Matthew 25.1-13 in detail.

  1. Understanding the Cultural Background
    1. Jewish weddings involved three steps: 1) engagement; 2) betrothal; 3) the wedding feast.
    2. Matthew 25 is the third and final part: the wedding feast, where the bride is waiting with all her bridesmaids and the groom arrives with all of the men that are with him to take her to the home he has prepared.
    3. Here in this text, the focus is on the bridesmaids. 
      1. 25.1 - 10 virgins took their lamps. “Torch.”
      2. Virgins” are simply refers to unmarried girls who were virgins.
      3. 10 virgins has no special significance … the number 10 was seen as a proper number.
  2. The Story
    1. 25.1 says they took their torches to meet the bridegroom. 
    2. 25.2 - Five foolish. Five wise
    3. 25.3-4 - the what made the difference between the wise and the foolish? Preparedness. 
      1. 25.5 - bridegroom delayed. All went to sleep.
      2. 25.6-9 - see the panic here…
      3. 25.10 - unprepared went out to buy more oil…
    4. 25.11-12 - There are no second chances.
    5. 25.13 - Watch therefore. See also Luke 21.34-35 - Don’t be caught unprepared. 
  3. An Old Testament Connection (Psalm 45)
    1. Psalm 45.1-8 - description of the bridegroom.
    2. 45.2 - he is the best. No one equals him. He is God’s chosen.
    3. 45.3-5 - he is strong and mighty - conquering his enemies. Strength based on truth, humility, and righteousness.
    4. 45.6-7 - God has anointed him king and he rules his kingdom with righteousness.
    5. 45.8 - having been made ready in his wedding garments, he comes out of the ivory palaces.
    6. 45.9 - the queen, the church, stands on his right hand adorned with the finest gold.
      1. 45.10-12 - the queen is exhorted to give herself totally to her husband.
      2. 45.13-15 - the queen is brought with her maidens into the royal palace.
    7. 45.17 - this wedding feast never ends…
  4. Conclusion
    1. In true Hebrew fashion, Christians have been betrothed to Christ.
    2. If we are faithful, there awaits us a great day, our wedding day, united as a bride to the King of Kings.
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